Human Body Systems

Genetics and Heredity


Texas 5th Grade Readiness - Genetic & Traits

Bill Nye's Heredity - Mendel's Peas

Learned & Acquired Traits

Where did you get those genes?

Heredity Study Jams

How Special are your traits?

Kids Health Interactive Bones

Skeletal Muscular Video

Genetics and Heredity Vocabulary

Characteristics - quality of an organism
DNA -material in life forms that transfers genetic characteristics
Inherited -characteristics from parents
Likeness -similarity
Organism - individual living system
Trait - distinguishing characteristics
   

Plant and Animal Cells

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NASA SCI Files - Cells, Tissues, Organs, and Systems

The Amoeba Sisters: The 11 Champions

Cells, Tissues, Organs

Plant & Animal Cell Simulation

Study Jam: Cells, Tissues, Organs

BBC: Cells, Tissues, Organs

Cell Song

Cells Song 2
       

Plant and Animal Cells Vocabulary

CELLS

Cell - the basic unit of life
Multicellular - composed of several of many cells
Unicellular - composed of one cell
Permeable - able to pass through
Tissues -similar cells with a specific function
   
   
  • Organs
  • ORGAN

     -A part of the body that does a particular job.

    Brain

    - controls mental and physical actions, located in the cranium (skull)                       

    Heart

    -  organ (consisting of four chambers) that circulates blood, divided into four chambers (valves)   

    Large intestine

    - where stool (solid waste) accumulates

    Liver

    -filters blood coming from the digestive tract, releases bile, helps take toxins (poisons) from chemicals in the             body   

    Pancreas

    - about 6" long, located behind the stomach, secretes insulin      

    Lung

    - two respiratory organs            

    Small intestine

    - helps in the passage of food that comes from the stomach

    Skin

    - the largest organ in the human body is the skin.

    Stomach

    - organ in the digestive system that stores and digests food

     

    Skeletal System


    Skeletal System movie

    Kids Health Skeletal System Quiz

    Skeletal System Crash Course

    Skeletal System Study Jams

    Children's University of Manchester

    Kids Health Interactive Bones

    Skeletal System Crash Course Joints

    Find bones & label

    Build a variety of skeletons

    Skeletal System Rap

    Skeletal Muscular Video

    Strength Discovery Videos

    Inside & Outside Skeletons

    Assemble or Label Skeleton

    Skeletal System Vocabulary

    ball and socket joint - joint that allows twisting and turning movements; example: hip joint
    bones - forms the substance of a skeleton, support the body
    cartilage - flexible connective tissue
    cranium - skull
    femur - longest, largest, and strongest bone in the human body; located in the leg
    fracture - to break or crack
    framework - supports, i.e. human skeleton
    gliding joint - joint that allows to flat bones to slide over each other; example: foot, wrist
    hinge joint - joint that allows movement in a certain spot, like the opening and closing of a door; example: elbow, knee, ankle
    humerus - long bone in arm extending from the shoulder to the elbow
    immovable - not able to be moved
    joints - place where two parts are joined or united to allow motion
    mandible - jaw bone
    patella - flat moveable bone in the front of the knee, also known as the knee bone
    pelvis - funnel-shaped, part of skeleton supporting lower limbs
    phalanges - bones that make up the fingers or feet
    radius - bone of forearm on the thumb side
    ribs - bones that support and protect organs such as the lungs
    scapula - shoulder blade
    skeleton - framework that support the body
    skull - head bone
    spine - backbone
    sternum - breastbone
    tibia - shinbone
    torso - upper part of the body
    ulna - forearm bone, located on the side opposite the thumb
    vertebrae - bones in the spine

    Muscular System


    Muscular System movie

    Kids Health Musclular System Quiz

    Bill Nye Muscles & Bones

    The Effects of Space on your Muscles

    Study Jams Muscular System

    Kids Health Muscle Interactive

    The Muscular System Video

    Muscles Rap

    Poke a Muscle

    Bones & Muscles Working Together

    Muscular System Vocabulary

    bicep - muscle at the front of the upper arm
    cardiac muscle - type of muscle in the heart
    contract - to draw together
    endurance - ability or strength to continue or last without becoming tired
    exertion - activity of using your muscles in various ways to keep fit
    extend - to increase in length
    flex - to bend
    involuntary - muscle controlled without thinking about it (pumping heart)
    ligaments - tissues that connect bones, hold organs in place
    muscles - tissues that cause motion in the body when contracted
    musculoskeletal - muscular and skeletal systems
    resistance - Exercise that involves working your muscles against free weights or your body's own weight (walking, running, pushups)
    skeletal muscle - muscle connected at either end with a bone
    smooth muscle - found in the walls of internal organs, blood vessels, hair follicles
    tendons - connects muscle to bone
    tricep - muscle located at the back of the upper arm
    voluntary - muscle whose action is controlled by the person (example: lifting an arm)

    Digestive System


    Digestive System Song

    National Geographic - Digestive System

    Kid's Health Digestive System

    Kids Health Digestive System Quiz

    Put the Digestive System Back Together

    Great animation of digestion + Quiz

    Study Jams Digestive System

    Digestive System Pirates

    Making Poo! (A Demonstration)

    Magic School Bus for Lunch

    Minecraft Digestion

    Digestive System Game

     

     

     

    Circulatory/Cardiovascular System

     

    Circulatory System Song

    Bill Nye Circulatory System

    Kids Health Circulatory System

    Kids Health Cardiovascular System Quiz

    Blood Vessels Video

    Circulatory Rap

    Circulatory System

    Major Organ Systems/Simulator

    Circulatory Stations

    Circulatory System Matching Game

    Heart Health Challenge

    University Minnesota Heart Health

    PBS - Mapping the Human Heart

    Children's Heart Institute

    How Stuff Works

    Human Heart Transplant

    Exploring the Circulatory System the Life of a Blood Cell

    NASA:Heart & Space

    Heart Smarts Interactive

    CPR Instruction Video

    Circulatory/Cardiovascular System Vocabulary

    Aerobic exercise - exercise that increases the need for oxygen
    Aorta - part of the heart, circulates blood from the heart to all of the body (except the lungs)
    Anaerobic exercise - exercise that builds muscles through tension
    Arteries - blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart
    Atrium - two upper chambers on each side of the heart, receives blood from veins and forces blood into ventricles
    Capillaries - small blood vessels between the ending of the arteries and the beginning of the veins
    Blood - circulates in body to sustain life
    Blood vessels - any of the vessels (arteries, veins, capillaries) through which the blood circulates
    Cardiac - relating to the heart
    Heart - organ (consisting of four chambers) that circulates blood, divided into four chambers (valves)
    Circulation - flowing (such as the flow of blood throughout the body)
    plasma - contains blood's proteins, suspends blood cells
    Pulmonary artery - transports blood from the heart to the lungs
    Heart rate - number of heartbeats in one minute
    red blood cells - carries oxygen to your body
    Pulse - regular throbbing of arteries caused by heart contractions
    Veins - blood vessels that carry blood toward the heart
    Ventricles - located in the heart, left and right, pumps blood to the entire body
    White blood cells - fight off infections and diseases
    cholesterol - found in animal tissues, too much can lead to heart disease
    platelets - smallest blood cells to help form clots if you have an injury
  • Respiratory System


    Respiratory System Song

    Bill Nye & Respiration

    Respiratory System movie

    Kids Health Respiratory System Quiz

    Bottle Lung Model - Can be done with Soda Bottle

    Respiratory System Study Jams

    Interactive e-Learning Respiratory System

    Respiratory System Labeling Quiz

    Heart/Lung Interactive & Videos

    Healthy Trees = Healthy People

    Respiratory System Vocabulary

    air sac - air-filled spaces in the body.
    alveoli - very small air sacs; where air breathed in goes.
    bronchial tubes - two tubes at the end of the trachea, brings in air from trachea and helps clean lungs; one tube goes to right lung, one to left.
    diaphragm - sheet-like muscle separating the chest from the abdominal cavity; creates suction to draw in air and expand lungs.
    exhale - to breathe out.
    inhale - to breathe in.
    larynx - voice box.
    lungs - two respiratory organs.
    nasal passages (nasal cavity) - helps with inhaling and exhaling of air through the nose.
    pharynx - throat; collects incoming air from the nose and passes air to the trachea.
    respiration - inhaling and exhaling air, breathing.
    ribs - bones that protect and support the chest.
    sinuses - hollow spaces in the bones of the head, helps regulate temperature of air breathed in.
    trachea - windpipe; passage from pharynx to lungs.

    Nervous System


    Kid House Rock Nervous System Song

    Bill Nye & The Brain

    Nervous System movie

    Kids Health Nervous System Quiz

    Brain Surgery Simulation

    Nervous System Study Jams

    Nervous System Children's University of Manchester

    NSTA Nervous System Speed

    Mr. Parr's Nervous System Song

    Earphones & Fatigue/New Design

    Nervous System Vocabulary

    atrophy - to waste away or decrease in size
    Autonomic Nervous system - system of nerves that control involuntary functions
    axon - part of neuron that takes information away from a cell body
    brain - controls mental and physical actions, located in the cranium (skull)
    brain stem - part of brain near spinal cord; controls reflexes, breathing, and heartbeat
    cerebellum - large portion of the brain, controls voluntary motions
    cerebrum - largest part of the brain, controls voluntary movements and mental actions
    dendrites - part of a neuron that brings information to a cell body
    nerves - bundle of fibers that send impulses from the brain to other parts of the body
    neurons - specialized, impulse-conducting cells (composed of cell body, axon, dendrites)
    peripheral nervous system - lies outside brain and spinal cord, includes nerves to arms, legs, and sense organs
    relay - to transmit a signal
    signals - messages sent from brain to nerves
    spinal cord - cord of nerve tissue extending through the spinal column
    spinal nerve - nerves that start in the spinal cord
    stimuli - something that causes an action (example-stimulus: hot stove, response: moving hand away from hot stove)
    synapse - place where nerve messages are sent and received

    Excretory System


    Bio Engineering - Printing a Human Kidney

    Excretory System: From the Heart to the Toilet

    Kid's Health Digestive System

    Kids Health Digestive System Quiz

    Put the Digestive System Back Together

    Great animation of digestion + Quiz

    Study Jams Digestive System

    Digestive System Pirates

    Making Poo! (A Demonstration)

    Digestive System Vocabulary

    Anus - where solid waste exits through the body
    Appendix - located near the small and large intestine, purpose unknown
    Bile duct - stores bile (yellow, green liquid from the liver)
    Bile - A bitter, alkaline, yellow or greenish liquid, secreted by the liver, which aids in absorption and digestion, of fats.
    Digestion - The process by which food is converted into substances that can be absorbed and assimilated by the body.
    Epiglottis - located in the back of the mouth; prevents food and drink from entering the larynx
    Esophagus - muscular passage connecting the mouth and the stomach, rhythmic motion
    Large intestine - where stool (solid waste) accumulates
    Liver - filters blood coming from the digestive tract, releases bile, helps take toxins (poisons) from chemicals in the body
    Mouth - where digestion begins
    Pancreas - about 6" long, located behind the stomach, secretes insulin
    Rectum - straight section of the intestine, ending in the anus, stores solid waste
    Saliva - watery fluid for tasting and swallowing food, chewing, keeping mouth moist
    Salivary glands - secretes (releases) saliva
    Small intestine - The long, narrow, coiled section of the intestine that extends from the stomach to the beginning of the large intestine. Nutrients from food are absorbed into the bloodstream from the small intestine.
    Stomach - organ in the digestive system that stores and digests food
    Gastric acid - Digestive secretions of the stomach glands consisting chiefly of hydrochloric acid, mucin and enzymes.
    Tongue - organ in the mouth; functions include eating, tasting, speaking
    Diabetes - A disorder of carbohydrate metabolism characterized by inadequate production or use of insulin, resulting in high glucose levels in the blood and urine, excessive urination and persistent thirst, as well as other complications such as infection and blindness.
    peristalsis - Involuntary muscular actions that moves food along during digestion.

  • Heredity
  • Cells, tissues, organs - Levels of organization - Interactive
  • The Human Body
  • Animal Cells
  • Plant Cells
  • Plant Cells - Interactive Game
  • Nervous System
  • Science Notebook - Body Systems Vocabulary
     
    Organs

    ORGAN

     -A part of the body that does a particular job.

    Brain

    - controls mental and physical actions, located in the cranium (skull)                       

    Heart

    -  organ (consisting of four chambers) that circulates blood, divided into four chambers (valves)   

    Large intestine

    - where stool (solid waste) accumulates

    Liver

    -filters blood coming from the digestive tract, releases bile, helps take toxins (poisons) from chemicals in the             body   

    Pancreas

    - about 6" long, located behind the stomach, secretes insulin      

    Lung

    - two respiratory organs            

    Small intestine

    - helps in the passage of food that comes from the stomach

    Skin

    - the largest organ in the human body is the skin.

    Stomach

    - organ in the digestive system that stores and digests food