Homework for the week of March 2nd -February 6th, 2020

USJ Government
 
Subjects
Math
Reading
Science
Social Studies
Writing
Inventions
P.E.
 
Field Trips
Washington DC
 
Fun
Animal Corner
Secret Garden
Scrapbook
 
Administrative
Schedule
Roster
Supply List
Recognition
 

Home
 

Note: all class work not completed in class is considered homework

MON TUE WED THU FRI

 

  • Homework Mixed Review
  • Read 30 minutes- Fill out reading Log & response Journal
  • Dreambox  

 

 

  • Homework Mixed Review
  • Read 30 minutes- Fill out reading Log & response Journal
  • Dreambox
  • Quizlet Link

  • Homework Mixed Review
  • Read 30 minutes- Fill out reading Log & response Journal
  • Dreambox - Need 6 lessons by Friday

 

*Every night students must read at least 30 minutes & do activity or read 40 minutes & no activity and fill out reading log to be recorded on their profile cards. All forms needed to do this activity can be found on the Reading page.

Reading is not considered part of the WCPSS's 50 minute homework time for 5th grade.
Happening this week! Upcoming projects and events
  • March 5th & 6 - Science For Fun Weather In School Field Trip
  • March 9th - Teacher Workday
  • March 20th - Human Growth & Development
  • March 26th - Student Led Conference 7am& 4Pm (Sign Up Genius to come)
  • March 30th - 31st- Washington DC Trip
  • March 31st - Track out Day
  • April 23rd - Track in Day for 4th Quarter

*As time lines are determined, more will be added to this section...

Quizlet Science Study Links

First Quarter

Second Quarter

Third Quarter

Fourth Quarter


Motion & Design Vocabulary

  •     3rd Quarter
  • Basics

  • Friction-A force that resists movement between two objects that are touching.

  • Gravity-A force of attraction between any two masses. The strength of this force is dependent on the mass of each object and their distance from one another.

  • Force-A push or a pull. A force is also needed to make a moving object slow down, change direction or stop moving.

  • Work - Is only done when a force makes something move.

  • Energy-Ability to do work.

  • Distance- How far something moves.

  • Speed- A measure of how fast something is moving. How far an object can go in a certain amount of time. Distance divided by time.

  • Motion- Change in the position of an object.


  • Vehicles

 

  • Air resistance -The force of friction on a vehicle as it moves through the air.

  • Drag-the force that opposes the forward motion of a vehicle.

  • Inertia -The tendency of a moving object to stay in motion or a resting object to stay still is inertia.

  • Momentum - the rate of acceleration. Mass x Velocity = Momentum.

  • Action and Reaction - Forces are found in pairs: for every action (force) there is an opposite and equal reaction (force).

  • Potential Energy -Stored energy that can be released to become other forms of energy.

  • Kinetic Energy - A type of energy associated with motion.

  • Unbalanced Forces- Initiate (causes) movement and influences movement.

  • Balanced Forces-When an object is at rest it is balanced.


  • Motion Graphs

  • Velocity-The rate of change of position. Speed + Direction. 

  • Distance- How far something moves.

  • Speed- A measure of how fast something is moving. How far an object can go in a certain amount of time. Distance divided by time.

  • Motion- Change in the position of an object.

  • Acceleration -Acceleration is the rate at which an object changes its velocity. An object is accelerating if it is changing its velocity.

  • Heat Transfer

  • Thermal Energy - energy in the form of heat.

  • Conduction-The transfer of heat or electrical energy by physical touching of two objects.

  • Convection-The transfer of heat by the movement of a liquid or gas.

  • Radiation-The process in which energy is emitted by particles or waves.

  • Wind Energy - the process by which wind is used to generate electricity (ie. windmills)

  • Solar Energy - energy harnessed from the sunís radiation.

  • Insulator - resists or doesnít allow heat energy to flow through the item. Wood, cloth, glass, and quartz are examples of insulators.

  • Conductor - Heat energy can flow freely through, such as metals and copper.

  • Electromagnetic - magnetic field produced by an electric current.


  • States of Matter

  • Conservation of Mass - The principle that mass cannot be created or destroyed. (ie. 10 grams of water plus 5 grams of salt equal 15 grams of salt water solution).    

  • Physical Change - A usually reversible change in the physical properties of a substance such as size or shape: (ex. Water freezing into ice)

  • Chemical Change - An irreversible change in the properties or composition of a substance resulting in a new substance.  (ex. Wood burning or iron rusting).

  • Matter - The material or substance that things are made of (electrons, neutrons, and protons)

  • Mass - The amount of matter in an object.

  • Weight - The amount of gravitational force on the matter of an object.

 

Nice-to-Know

 

  • Technological Design - The process of identifying a problem, creating a solution, evaluating the solution by testing, and then refining the design to improve performance is the essence of technological design. Plan, build, test, evaluate.

  • Tension-a force exerted by a stretched object, such as a spring.

  • Revolutions - the spinning of an object. One complete spin is equal to one revolution.

  • Inclined Plane -a ramp is an example of this.

 

Intro Week

Organism: a living thing

Biotic factors: living things in an ecosystem such as plants and animals

Abiotic factors: nonliving things in an ecosystem such as light, air, and soil

Ecology: the study of ecosystems

Ecosystem: an interconnected community that includes all the living and nonliving things in an area

Habitat: a place where a population lives

Environment: everything that surrounds an organism and influences it

Aquatic: having to do with water

Terrestrial: having to do with land or the Earth

Aquarium: a glass or plastic container in which aquatic organisms can live and be observed

Terrarium: a closed glass or plastic container in which terrestrial organisms can live and be observed


Land & Aquatic Biomes Week

Sediment: tiny bits of soil that are often transported by water or wind

Germination: process by which seeds swell up, begin to sprout and develop roots

Biodiversity: a wide variety of organisms

Biome: a very large ecological area on the Earthís surface; there are 6 of these

Taiga: a cool forest biome of conifers in the upper northern hemisphere

Temperate/Deciduous Forest: a forest biome with many kinds of trees that lose their leaves each Autumn (Fall); the biome we live in

Savannah/Grassland: a biome where grasses, not trees, are the main plant life; large herbivores live here

Tropical Rainforest: a hot, humid biome near the equator with much rainfall and large variety of life

Tundra: a cold treeless biome of the far north marked by spongy topsoil

Desert: a sandy or rocky biome with little precipitation and little plant life

Individual: A single member of a species

Population: All the members of one species in an area.

Community: All the populations living in one area.

Freshwater Ecosystem: An aquatic ecosystems that is composed of drinkable water. Comes from lakes, ponds, and streams.

Saltwater: An aquatic ecosystem that is composed of salt water. Comes from oceans and estuaries.

Watershed: An area of land whose waters all drain into the same place.

Estuary: The mouth of a large river where the river meets the ocean. Creates brackish water.

Brackish: A mix of salt and freshwater.


Niches Week

Niche: the specific role an organism plays within its ecosystem

Prey: the victim of the predator---hunted and killed by a predator

Predator: an animal that hunts and consumes another animal for food

Carnivore: a consumer which gets its energy by eating only meat/animal flesh

Herbivore: a consumer which gets its energy by eating only plants and vegetation

Omnivore: a consumer which gets its energy by eating both plants and meat/animal flesh

Dependent relationships: relying on another; for example: plants rely on sun for its light

Interdependent relationships: relying on one another; for example: animals eat plants as a food source but plants depend on animals for carbon dioxide

Adaptation: a change in order to fit in a new situation or use

Photosynthesis: the process in which plants use carbon dioxide and sunlight to create sugar for themselves for food

Trade off: the act of giving up one things in order to get another

Transpiration: the process through which plants release water into the environment (aka plant sweat)


Chains/Webs/Pyramids Week

Food Chain: Shows the flow of the Sunís energy from one organisms to another

Food Web: Overlapping food chains in an ecosystem

First Level/Primary Consumer: The first consumer in a food chain or food web

Second Level/Secondary Consumer:  The second consumer in a food chain or food web

Third Level/Tertiary Consumer: The third consumer in a food chain or food web

Energy Pyramid: A model that shows the flow of energy from the producer to top consumer

Coexist: To live together in the same environment

Consumer: an organism that gets it energy by eating other organisms

Decomposer: an organism that gets its energy from breaking down decaying organic material into nutrients for an ecosystem; natureís recycler

Producer: any organism that makes it own food through photosynthesis

Bacteria: a decomposer that helps in the recycling process

Fungi: a decomposer that helps in the natural recycling process; i.e. mushrooms


Experimentation Week

Model: Representation of objects or processes that function like, describe, or explain the real thing.

Fair Test: Altering or changing only one variable in an experiment

Variable:  The part of an experiment that is changed or tested

Control: the part of an experiment that stays the same

Fertile: Rich in nutrients; often used to describe soil

Pollutant: A harmful or unpleasant substance which can have negative effects on an ecosystem when spread through the air, water, soil.

Increased Nutrients: Added to the environment can create algae blooms which can limit existing organisms in an aquatic community

Acid Rain: Moisture that falls to the earth after being mixed with waste from burned fossil fuel.

pH Level: Measured on a scale of 0-14. 7 is neutral, 0-6 is acid (i.e. orange juice), 8-14 is basic (i.e.milk)

Conservation: Sensible use of the earthís resources to avoid harming the environment.

Algae Blooms: When too many algae crowd the water and block sunlight from reaching underwater grasses. This is caused by too many nutrients in the water from sewer drainage and fertilizer runoff.


First Quarter

  • Week 1
  • Earth's Axis
    Imaginary, vertical line through the middle of the Earth between the North and South Poles; Earth rotates around it.
    Tilt of the Earth
    Earth is tilted on its axis at 23.5 degrees. The main reason there are seasons on earth.
    Equator
    Imaginary line around the middle of the earth; assigned a 0 degree latitude.
    Hemisphere
    Half of a sphere; the earth is divided into the Northern and Southern Hemispheres by the equator.
    Longitude
    The distance east or west of the Prime Meridian.
    Latitude
    The distance north or south of the equator; for example, Raleigh, NC, is located at approximately 36 degrees N, which indicates itsí location is north of the equator.
    Rotation
    To spin; Earth rotates on its axis; one rotation of Earth is approximately 24 hours (1 day).
    Revolution
    elliptical orbit; one revolution around the sun is approximately 365 days (1 year).
    Climate
    The average weather conditions over a long period of time in an area.
    Weather
    The stat of the atmosphere at a given time and place.
    Weather System
    All the parts of weather - temperature, precipitation, air pressure, wind speed and direction.

  • Week 2
  • Water Cycle
    The continuous process of water moving from Earthís surface to the atmosphere and back to earth.
    Evaporation
    Change from a liquid to a water vapor (gas).
    Water Vapor
    Water as a gas.
    Condensation
    Changing from water vapor (gas) to liquid.
    Precipitation
    Form of water (rain, snow, sleet, hail) that falls from the clouds to earth.
    Runoff/Collection
    Excess water from falling precipitation or melting that the soil cannot absorb due to over saturation. Runs off into streams, lakes, oceans, if possible.
    Transpiration
    Water evaporating from the leaves of plants (pleat sweat).
    Humidity
    The amount of water vapor in the air.
    Radiation
    The process in which energy is emitted by particles or waves.
    Convection
    The transfer of heat by the movement of a liquid or gas.
    Convection Current/Cell
    A cycle of rising and falling air or liquid.

  • Week 3
  • Meteorologist
    A scientist who studies weather patterns and forecasts upcoming weather.
    Forecast
    Predicting upcoming weather based on scientific evidence using weather instruments.
    Wind Vane
    An instrument used to determine wind direction.
    Rain Gauge
    An instrument used to measure precipitation.
    Hygrometer
    An instrument used to determine the amount of water in the air (humidity).
    Barometer
    An instrument used to measure air pressure.
    Anemometer
    An instrument used to measure wind speed.
    Thermometer
    An instrument used to measure temperature.
    Temperature
    Measurement in degrees of how warm or cold something is.

  • Week 4
  • Cloud
    A large collection of tiny water droplets or ice crystals in the atmosphere.
    Cumulus
    Mid level clouds that look puffy like cotton that indicate "fair" weather.
    Stratus
    Low level clouds that look like layers or a gray blanket and indicates overcast weather; may produce precipitation.
    Cirrus
    High thin wispy clouds that indicate a change in the weather.
    Cumulonimbus
    Towering, anvil shaped clouds that indicate thunderstorms. Can be dark in color.
    Fog
    A stratus cloud close to the ground.

  • Week 5
  • Sun
    The source of all energy on earth.
    Wind
    Movement of air caused by heating and cooling.
    Global Wind
    Air that moves across large distances in the atmosphere impacting the weather. Examples include Polar Easterlies, Prevailing Westerlies, and Trade Winds.
    Prevailing Westerlies
    Air that blows west to east in the middle latitudes, including in North Carolina.
    Trade Winds
    Air that blows near the equator. Blows east to west.
    Local Winds
    Air that moves across small distances close to earthís surface (i.e. a breeze across a playground).
    Land Breeze
    A convection current where air flows from land to sea during the night.
    Sea Breeze
    A convection current where air flows from sea to land during the day.
    El Nino
    The surface water near the equator in the Pacific Ocean gets warmer. This causes flooding on the west coast of the Americas.
    La Nina
    The surface water near the equator in the Pacific Ocean gets cooler.

  • Week 6
  • Jet Stream
    A current of fast moving air high in the atmosphere that is shifted by hot and cold air masses. Moves weather across the globe.
    High Pressure System
    High pressure brings fair weather, sunny skies, and light winds.
    Low Pressure System
    Low Pressure brings storms, strong winds, and changing weather.
    Air Mass
    A large region of the atmosphere where the air has similar properties throughout, such as temperature, humidity, and air pressure.
    Front
    A boundary between two air masses.
    Cold Front
    A boundary between two air masses (one warm, one cold) moving so that the colder air replaces the warmer air.
    Warm Front
    A boundary between two air masses (one warm, one cold) moving so that the warmer air replaces the colder air.
    Stationary Front
    A boundary between two air masses (one warm, one cold) that doesnít move.

  • Week 7
  • Elevation
    The height above sea level.
    Sea Level
    Where the ocean meets the land; zero elevation.
    Direct Sunlight
    Sun rays that strike the earth with more intensity near the equator.
    Indirect Sunlight
    Sun rays that strike the earth with less intensity due to the tilt of the earth and the curve of itsí surface.
    Absorb
    To take in (dark colors absorb rays of light).
    Reflect
    To bounce off (light colors reflect sunlight).